A criminal case is one in which an individual is accused of conduct that has potentially damaged society. There are two main types of criminal cases- misdemeanors and felonies, read more about these cases.
With the exception of certain traffic, alcohol, tobacco, and watercraft violations, persons under the age of 18 years who violate any federal, state, local law or municipal ordinance are processed under the Juvenile Corrections Act.
In Idaho, all traffic violations are handled by the magistrate division of the district court. The method of handling traffic citations depends upon whether the offense is an infraction or misdemeanor.